Termites are a common problem in the United States. The majority of California is actually a part of Termite Infestation Probability Zones 1 and 2, meaning the chances of suffering an infestation are moderate to severe. Scientists have developed several methods of termite control to eliminate the pests from home and businesses, but many people don’t know how to use them properly. The first step in termite control is to identify what type of termites are plaguing a property through a thorough termite inspection. In California, the main types of termites encountered are the subterranean, drywood, and dampwood varieties.
Subterranean termites developed their name because they build their homes underground and will leave dirt near the entrances of their tunnels from crawling out in search of food. They eat wood with the grain and can commonly be found around properties. Drywood termites were named because they eat extremely dry materials with little to no excess moisture. They can often be found in the attics or upper levels of structures, and they absorb most of the liquid from their fecal matter, which results in dry pellets that are easy to identify. Finally, the least common termites are the dampwood termites. These pests like moist wood and like to invade places that have suffered water damage. They eat against the grain of the wood and are easy to identify in groups because they are one breed which lacks workers.
Once the type of termite has been identified, home and business owners can determine the proper method of termite control. There are no safe DIY termite control methods. People should contact an experienced exterminator who has handled termites before because many termite treatments require knowledge about a building’s structure. Amateurs might not be able to tell when termites have drastically weakened a structure, and termites can hide in a variety of places. A professional pest control company will usually use two types of termite control: liquid pesticides and baits.
Liquid pesticides are a form of pest control which can be applied to soil around properties. Some of the products in this category will kill termites who come into contact with them, while others will repel termites by creating a barrier that can’t be crossed. Bait termite control measures consist of edible products which are desirable to termites, including paper and cardboard. These are used in a similar manner to other baits. They contain a substance toxic to termites that will slowly kill them off because termites will pick up the food and try to share it with the colony. In most cases, home and business owners will need to use both types of termite control to handle a population fully due to the sheer size of termite colonies. It’s recommended that property owners not try to handle a termite infestation on their own. Calling a professional pest control company means that the termite control can be managed without unnecessary risks.
Jose D. has been providing pest control solutions to North County San Diego residents since 2000!