A termite treatment is chemical or procedure used to prevent or eliminate termites. Termites are a common pest in the United States and California, and cause billions of dollars’ worth of damage to buildings each year. Once someone realizes or suspects they have termites, they should call a pest control professional immediately for an inspection and potential treatment. There are several types of termite treatment available to help home and business owners combat the wood-eating menace before and after the termites find a property.
The first type of treatment is a preventative one. Many buildings now have pre-construction treatments or are built with wood that has been chemically treated to be toxic to termites. A pre-construction treatment could be an underground barrier placed throughout the landscape that doesn’t let pests through. If a property was not treated during construction, the owner can call a pest controller and have the technicians spray a preventative treatment around the edges of the landscape or near any buildings. These chemical treatments need to be reapplied on a regular basis, but can help home and business owners avoid costly repairs down the line.
If someone does have a termite problem, they need to call a professional for a combative treatment. Most pest control professionals will perform two types of termite treatment: a spot treatment or a partial one. A spot treatment is used to control the termite population only in the location of the colony, and it usually involves the use of strong pesticides or poisoned bait made out of cardboard, paper, or wood. A partial treatment is when a pest controller treats a certain section of the property. Usually, this means the exterminator treats the central location of the termite colony as well as the neighboring region to remove any termites which could have escaped or are lurking nearby. They may use pesticides call termiticides, or they can use baits.
Fumigation is the final form of termite treatment. Fumigation is an intensive process that can only be done by a professional. Pest controllers with surround the affected structure with a special tent designed to prevent the chemicals from leaking into the air. Since many pesticides are toxic, this is an essential health measure. The most common pesticide used for residences is sulfuryl fluoride, which travels through the house as a gas. The gas seeps into every section of the home, including the wood where the colony is hiding. Pest professionals can measure out the exact amount of gas needed to kill the termite colony based on its size. Fumigation can take anywhere from 12-72 hours, at which point the tent is removed. A pest controller will wait for six hours and will test the structure’s air quality before allowing people back in.
These termite treatments vary in cost, but all are effective at preventing or fighting termites. Home and business owners should take steps to protect themselves in advance but, if this is not possible, they should know they have options. Many of these termite treatments require a professional, so people should be sure to contact a licensed company so they know the termites are managed effectively.
Jose D. has been providing pest control solutions to North County San Diego residents since 2000!